The helmeted guineafowl has two calls: a rattling kruh-kruh, kruh-kraaaa krr krr and a quieter pi-pi’oo.
Helmeted guineafowl are gregarious and live in large flocks. Each flock develops its own complex society, with a distinct pecking order among males.
Helmeted guineafowl feed on seeds, kernels of fallen corn, tubers, and insects, especially grasshoppers and termites.
Helmeted guineafowl time their breeding to coincide with the arrival of the rainy season. As pairs form, males fight over females. To win a mate, a male displays for a female and makes food offerings. Pairs nest on the ground. The female lays 6 to 20 eggs that hatch in 24 to 27 days. By three months, the chicks are able to join the flock as fledged birds.
Friends & Foes
Helmeted guineafowl are known to glean ticks from warthogs.
Population in Kenya
Helmeted guineafowl live in the woodlands, bush, and savannas of Kenya, most commonly in the west and south.
Range & Habitat
The helmeted guineafowl is native to much of mainland Africa and has been introduced into Madagascar.